They Blame Junction Butte pups Killed to highly habituated to humans SERIOUSLY? 

Junction Butte Yearling Female
Junction Butte Yearling Female 2016

What they forget to mention is that a couple Years ago A Guide that had lost their Horse String, Then rode right through the Rendezvous Den Location, may have contributed to their not using the Traditional Rendezvous Location. Not to mention there is no mention of the speeds at which Visitors Travel through the Park. In Typical Government Fashion they choose to blame all of the wrong issues that a prudent Individual may see as the Cause.

We have Video posted of the blatant disregard for the park rules  but the outfitter. (Link to Video is Posted on Our Website) The Outfitter was called 27 times yet they claimed they didnt receive the call, however they mentioned that they saw missed calls… So had their phone not been connected, the missed calls would not have been recorded. Its sort of like when you have your cell phone off…. It does not show you later that you missed a call. We were standing right there when they were asked.

An unusual set of circumstances led to an extremely habituated litter of wolf pups being raised near Slough Creek last summer, a behavioral trait that likely played a role in two pups being hit and killed on Yellowstone roads months later.

The demise of two of the Junction Butte Pack’s 7-month-old pups, which died after being hit by a vehicle, was reported by Yellowstone National Park officials last week. The pups were part of a Canis lupus litter that had attracted the attention of park employees looking to aggressively haze them for months. The animals, Yellowstone senior wolf biologist Doug Smith said, were perilously comfortable around humans.

“If people are around when they’re 2, 3 months old, they develop this lifelong outlook that people just aren’t a big deal,” Smith said. “That’s just not good.”

Smith pointed to the location of the wolf den as a cause of the habituation.

A first-time den site for the Junction Butte Pack, it was situated within eyeshot — 200 to 300 yards away — from a trail at Slough Creek, Smith said. Furthermore, there was a privately owned inholding in the area, Silver Tip Ranch, which made closing the area down entirely not reasonable.

“You’ve got that, and then you’ve got one of the most popular trails in Yellowstone,” Smith said. “The pups figured it out and they came to the trail. We suspect that when people saw them, they left the trail.”

By the time two of the Junction Butte’s 13 pups were hit in a Nov. 19 nighttime collision, they were 7 or so months old and likely 50-plus pounds. Silver Gate, Montana resident and avid wolf watcher Rick McIntyre, formerly of the Yellowstone Wolf Project, recalled that the pups retained their fearlessness of roads even as they aged.

“Some of them didn’t seem to have the understanding that it can be a dangerous thing to linger on the road,” McIntyre said. “I would compare it to young kids who don’t quite understand the same issue: the danger of being on the road.”

Yellowstone rangers are investigating the collision that killed the pups, and did not make law enforcement officers available for an interview. The hit-and-run collision, which wasn’t called in, took place near sundown.

Yellowstone Wolf Project employees and volunteers tried repeatedly to haze the litter, but “teachable moments” with tools like beanbag guns were hard to come by, Smith said.

“You can’t go out in the field and just start randomly pounding them,” Smith said. “We did get some opportunities, but I would say there were not great teaching events. We fired at them and missed, that kind of thing.”

Apart from the habituated Junction Butte litter, Yellowstone has tried to step up its efforts to make wolves wary of humans.

Legal hunters immediately outside Yellowstone boundaries have periodically taken advantage of wolves that generally lacked fear of humans. At times the deaths of habituated wolves have caused outrage, such as when a Cooke City, Montana, hunter killed wolf 926F in 2018. The hunter’s trophy was a former alpha female of the Lamar Canyon Pack with a lineage that traced to the 1995 wolf reintroduction. It was the same fate as the world-famous lobo’s mother, known as “06,” and it sparked an online fury, and calls for a Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks investigation.

But it wasn’t until the 2019 Junction Butte litter that Yellowstone dealt with wolves that learned their habituated behavior as puppies, when they’re most impressionable. Not knowing how to deal with it, Smith called up his wolf management counterparts at Alberta, Canada’s Banff National Park, who had tried to counteract the behavior of wolves that lost their fear of humans in their earliest days.

“They said, ‘We’ve had to remove partial or entire packs,’” Smith said. “Hazing them did not help them, so they killed them.

“What we’re trying to do is prevent that kind of thing from happening,” he said. “We were on the trail all summer trying to haze those pups.”

The Junction Butte litters experienced some mortality at the den, but even with the loss of two more from the accident the litter still numbers eight animals. Smith and his staff aren’t giving up on trying to turn the youngsters into wild wolves that know what people and roads represent: danger.

“We’re going to try to keep hazing them,” Smith said.

Source: Junction Butte pups highly habituated to humans, even for Yellowstone wolves | Environmental |×169.png #EndangeredSpeciesList #ProtectTheWolves #WolvesInYellowstone

Relocated island wolves outlasting mainland wolves But are they telling the truth?

So this article says the last Isle Royal wolf dropped over dead on a trail emaciated, The News reports him Killed by New Transplanted Residents. Why is it the Government constantly tries to blow smoke up your proverbial you know what? Not to mention the Park service seemed to forget to mention they capture Wolves for transplant using Leg Traps…. Listen Up Scientists… Leg Traps are already proven killers. But you refuse to stop using them.

Island life isn’t for everyone, nor, it seems, for every wolf.

One year into a federal effort to restock the wolf population in Isle Royale National Park in Michigan’s Lake Superior, a pack of eight relocated from a nearby island appears to be thriving, while four of 11 wolves brought from the mainland have died. Another wolf voluntarily departed last winter, returning to Minnesota over an ice bridge.

The U.S. National Park Service (NPS) today released news of the most recent wolf deaths, and the emerging pattern is clear: Wolves relocated as a pack from Canada’s Michipicoten Island Provincial Park have so far been more successful on Isle Royale than wolves brought individually from either mainland Minnesota, Michigan, or Canada’s Ontario province.  The Michipicoten wolves’ provenance as a bonded group was likely crucial to the fact they have all survived so far in the new environment, says wildlife ecologist Rolf Peterson from Michigan Technological University in Houghton, who has studied Isle Royale wolves since 1971. “That’s about the only explanation I can think of,” to account for the difference in the wolves’ fates.

Population ecologist Brent Patterson of Trent University in Peterborough, Canada, has been studying the Michipicoten wolves since a breeding pair crossed an ice bridge from mainland Canada to that island in 2014. Their large size, about 50 kilograms, is another important factor in their survival on Isle Royale, he suspects. Before settling on Michipicoten, where they hunted woodland caribou, the wolves had been preying on moose in northern Ontario, so they came equipped to hunt Isle Royale’s moose. At the time they were moved to Isle Royale, the Michipicoten wolves were food stressed and battered, having eliminated the caribou—but the presence of their pack mates and their large physical stature gave them a leg up in getting through the snow to hunt moose again, Patterson says.

The relocated U.S. mainland wolves, in contrast, were not moose hunters and were generally smaller, although they were considered healthy at the times they were moved to Isle Royale. The circumstances of their deaths have all been different. One Minnesota male died of pneumonia shortly after being moved in fall 2018. The body of another male, from Ontario, was retrieved from a bog in April; it was too decomposed to determine a cause of death. In September, two recently relocated females died; one from Michigan had an infection and wound from the leg trap used in her capture. The second, from Minnesota, died from severe trauma after an attack by another wolf or wolves. (Another Minnesota wolf intended for relocation in 2018 died before its move because of “capture stress.”)

NPS expected some wolf deaths, as well as wolf fights, or other random events to take a toll on the relocated animals, but “all the mortalities are surprising,” says NPS wildlife biologist Doug Smith, who directed a similar relocation of wolves to Yellowstone National Park and has worked on Isle Royale but is not involved in the current effort. In Yellowstone, 41 wolves introduced to restore the predators to the park all survived their relocation. Those wolves belonged to three packs, but individual wolves have also been successfully relocated, Smith says. He points out that moving wolves on a large scale to restore predation is still relatively new. “This is an art, not a science.”

Isle Royale researchers have been watching the movements of the new radio-collared wolves—except for the breeding male from Michipicoten, who slipped his collar in July—and consider their social dynamics to still be in flux. The public can investigate which wolves are hanging out together and where with a new online tool.

The last male wolf of the intensely studied island-born population also died this fall. It dropped dead on a hiking trail, where a ranger found its intact, though emaciated, body on 17 October. Eleven years old, it far outlived most wild wolves and was apparently survived by the 9-year-old island-born female that is both its daughter and its half-sibling. The female had been prodding the male along for several years. Pathologists at the United States Geological Survey’s National Wildlife Health Center in Madison noted broken ribs, as well as several puncture wounds they attributed to wolf attack. “It is still a question in my mind what it actually died of,” Peterson says, noting that wolf attacks don’t usually break bones, although moose kicks commonly do. He may get more answers as the frozen corpse arrives this week in Houghton, where he will dissect the body and preserve the skeleton. Other Michigan Tech researchers plan to sequence the wolf’s genome.

Source: Relocated island wolves outlasting mainland wolves in new Isle Royale home | Science | AAAS #EndangeredSpeciesList #GrayWolves #OpposeWelfareRanchingNotWolves #ProtectTheWolves #WolvesInTheNews

Isle Royale’s last native male wolf among 2 killed by new wolves 

This is what happens when Humans Interfere, They should have sent HIM females only to see if he could keep his own Gene-pool Alive. He obviously was a strong guy. As usual the National Park Service has some messed up views you will see when you read the entire article!

Some territorial aggression by Isle Royale’s new wolves seem to be behind 2 new wolf deaths on the island, the National Park Service says.

ISLE ROYALE, MI – He’d survived the last decade on Michigan’s most remote island against some pretty big odds. For more than 10 years, a male gray wolf known to researchers as M183 had roamed the forests and rocky outcroppings of Isle Royale in Lake Superior while nearly all the rest of his pack members died of accidents, disease or health problems caused by inbreeding.

Until recently, he and his mate – who was also his daughter and half-sister on his twisted family tree – were the last two island-born wolves to call it home. But when the National Park Service last year began an effort to relocate new wolves to Isle Royale to restore predator packs in the face of a fast-rising moose population, some scientists knew M183′s days could be numbered.

They were right. The park service announced today that two more wolves were found dead on the island this fall – killed by other wolves in what researchers are calling territorial aggression.

The remains of M183 were found in October by park staff, just before the island closed to visitors for the winter season. A month earlier, researchers monitoring the new wolves’ GPS trackers saw a female wolf’s collar was transmitting a mortality signal. They pinpointed the location and found her remains. They belonged to a wolf known as W004F, a 3-year-old that had been one of the first wolves captured for this relocation project. She had been captured near Grand Portage, Minnesota in October 2018, and released near Isle Royale’s Siskiwit Bay.

Necropsies of both animals determined the same thing: Their wounds showed they had been killed by another wolf or wolves.

“These events are not uncommon, as wolves defend and establish their territories and social hierarchy. With many wolves on the island sorting out their relationships with one another, the dynamic nature of wolf social organization, territoriality, and wolf-on-wolf aggression during group and pack formation is not unexpected,” the park service said.

“With the death of the island-born male, travel patterns of the remaining wolves are likely to change significantly, and probably dependent on whether or not the island-born female is still alive, whether she is territorial and how she gets along with the newcomers, both males and females,” said Rolf Peterson, a research professor at Michigan Technological University and long-time wolf and moose investigator on Isle Royale. “She is the final native wolf, never radio-collared, and searching for her will be a priority during the upcoming winter study.”

In all, six wolves have died and one has used an ice bridge to head back to the mainland in the 15 months since the park service began its multi-year effort to bring predator packs back to Isle Royale. Of those who died, one captured wolf died of anesthesia-related stress before she could be brought to the island, and another wolf that had been on Isle Royale for weeks died of pneumonia, park officials have said. One wolf caught in the U.P. this fall died within days of his release on the island.

These last two deaths bring the island’s wolf population down to 15: seven females and eight males. These include the last native-born female and 14 new wolves that hail from Minnesota, Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, mainland Ontario, Canada, and Michipicoten Island in northeastern Lake Superior, Ontario, Canada.

Some see M183′s death as a chance for a new angle on the plethora of data researchers are collecting. Tracking collars on the new wolves are allowing scientists to map where they are traveling on the island archipelago, which sits about 60 miles northwest of Michigan’s U.P. mainland. What they are killing and eating is also being studied. Researchers are looking at everything from bones at kill sites to piles of wolf scat.

“We have a unique opportunity to look simultaneously at the past and future of Isle Royale wolves’ genetic health. With the death of M183, we can now more fully understand how genetic isolation and inbreeding impacted the historic wolf population and use that to better monitor the new founders,” said Dr. Kristin Brzeski, a wildlife geneticist at Michigan Tech, whom the park service has partnered with to sequence the Isle Royale wolf genome for long-term monitoring of the population’s genetic health.

“This is an exciting time and we will be using cutting-edge genetic tools to track reproduction, inbreeding, and genetic change through time, hopefully providing a piece of the puzzle for maintaining a thriving Isle Royale wolf population,” she said.

Source: Isle Royale’s last native male wolf among 2 killed by new wolves – #EndangeredSpeciesList #GrayWolves #OpposeWelfareRanchingNotWolves #ProtectTheWolves #RestoreWolvesToESL

Stallion Ran Wild For 26 Years. Then Died 5 Months Into Captivity.

This Story was from 2015, but still shows the uncaring of the BLM. This sort of Mentality needs to be stopped! Most likely died from his gelding procedure.

Source: Stallion Ran Wild For 26 Years. And Died 5 Months Into Captivity. – The Dodo #BanAnimalTrapping #CutOffUSDAWildlifeServicesFunding #EndangeredSpeciesList #ProtectTheWolves

Montana Huskies need a Home

Someone probably mistook the Husky for a Wolf, when they saw the error of their ways, they left it to die it appears.

The Bitter Root Humane Association, a shelter that takes in Ravalli County’s abandoned pets and helps finds them new homes, received a call that a husky had to have its leg amputated because it was shot.

When they arrived, they uncovered much more than just a couple dogs in need of their help.

After 60 hours of trying to bring in the huskies, the Bitter Root Humane Association now has over 30 new dogs, which includes a litter of puppies.

That’s already added on top of the 17 dogs they have, their cats, and five Macaw birds that they recently added. They are calling on the community’s help this holiday season.

“At this point now we have about 25 to 30 adult huskies that were not sure where to go with at this point,” said Bitter Root Humane Association operations manager Cyra Woehlke-Saltzman.

All of the huskies were in the wild before being rescued and Bitter Root Humane Association got to most of them before the elements or local residents could harm them.

Because these dogs were in the wild, the humane association has to take more time to find the right homes for them.

“We don’t think they will be great with livestock, we don’t think they will be great with smaller animals. But we don’t know … we don’t have the time and resources to actually sit down and work with these dogs to see where we can home them,” Woehlke-Saltzman said.

While the humane association preps these neglected dogs to find homes, people are still invited to stop by and spend some time with them.

“I would welcome that. That would make my heart happy because then we know that they are spending that time (and) bonding with that dog,” Saltzman said. “Then we can actually see the interaction day to day,”

In the meantime, the humane association is filled beyond capacity, so they can use help with donations including money, food, toys, blankets or time.

“That’s the biggest thing right now. Volunteers that want to come in and start helping. Clinics that want to help. Rescues that are aware of us. If anybody wants to come help us at this point with donations or time that’s something that we are needing the most right now,” Woehlke-Saltzman said.

Some of the Huskies are bred with some wolf in them so they might need some special accommodations to find a permanent home.

Bitter Root Humane says that if you know of any husky rescues or anyone who might be able to accommodate for these dogs you can give them a call or visit their website for more information.

Source: Montana humane association seeking home for neglected huskies #BanAnimalTrapping #EndangeredSpeciesList #OpposeWelfareRanchingNotWolves #RestoreWolvesToESL

The mental state in Wyoming that Your Wildlife have to survive in

Herein lies the issue that Your National Park wildlife have to contend with in Wyoming. Your Children’s Wildlife Resources are in dire need of our Proposed “Sacred Resource Protection Zone”. Join Us today to begin making it a Reality.

It wasn’t the “white out” the school was looking for.

Two Wyoming high school students were disciplined after dressing as Ku Klux Klan members Wednesday, the Casper Star Tribune reported. The students at Riverton High School were dressed in all-white robes, and one added a pointed white hood, a cross around his neck and carried an American flag.

Terry Synder, Superintendent of Fremont County School District No. 25, which includes Riverton High, told that the Star Tribune that the district would “not tolerate anything that even begins to look like what it looked like.”

The students broke out the all-white Klan look for a “white out”-themed school spirit day, the Washington Post reported. Their punishment was not specified.

“We are an inclusive school that is proud of our diverse population and celebrate that fact regularly,” the school wrote in a statement posted to Facebook Wednesday.

According to the 2010 census, 83.5% of Riverton’s 10,600 residents are white. However, the central Wyoming town is nearly surrounded by the Wind River Indian Reservation.


Source: Two Wyoming high school students dress as KKK members for spirit day – New York Daily News #EndangeredSpeciesList #GrayWolves #OpposeWelfareRanchingNotWolves #ProtectTheWolves #WolvesInTheNews #WolvesInYellowstone #YellowstoneWolves

How Might Wolves In Colorado Affect Chronic Wasting Disease? 


Colorado’s poised to put the question of wolf reintroduction on the November ballot. One unanswered question is how the predators might affect the spread of chronic wasting disease, if at all.

CWD is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that currently infects deer, elk, moose and reindeer. Critics of wolf reintroduction argue that more predators on the landscape could further spread CWD.

Debbie McKenzie, who studies the disease at the University of Alberta, says wolves and other dog-like animals are generally considered to be resistant to CWD, but that doesn’t mean an infected deer’s prions—the proteins that spread the disease—die when a wolf preys on it.

“There has been some evidence that although the wolves themselves would not get a prion disease, that some of the infectious prions could end up in their fecal material and it could be a way of moving the disease around,” McKenzie said.

She pointed to a study published in 2015 by researchers based in northern Colorado. They studied six coyotes from Utah, feeding them elk brain and analyzing the contents of the resulting feces. As the scientists wrote, the findings show that coyotes can pass infectious prions via their feces for at least three days after eating infected meat, “demonstrating that mammalian scavengers could contribute to the translocation and contamination of CWD in the environment.”

On the other hand, proponents of wolf reintroduction say wolves could help limit the spread of CWD by killing off sick animals before they can infect many others.

A decade ago, Colorado Division of Wildlife researchers found that mountain lions prey selectively on prion-infected mule deer, and they noted other studies indicating that “predators like wolves and coyotes select prey disproportionately if they appear impaired by malnutrition, age or disease.”

In a study supporting the pro-wolf line of thinking, published in 2011, researchers from the National Park Service, Colorado Division of Wildlife and Colorado State University wrote in the Journal of Wildlife Diseases, “as CWD distribution and wolf range overlap in the future, wolf predation may suppress disease emergence or limit prevalence.”

Source: How Might Wolves In Colorado Affect Chronic Wasting Disease? | Wyoming Public Media #EndangeredSpeciesList #GrayWolves #ProtectTheWolves #RestoreWolvesToESL #WolvesInYellowstone

Two Wolf Pups Killed By Car In Yellowstone National Park

If You have ever been to YNP, Youd know that it is from driving to fast, and being allowed to continue to do so without Park Officials cracking down on Speeders.

Two wolf pups from a famous wolf pack in Yellowstone were killed by a car in the park November 19.

The male and female pups were fatally hit around sunset on the road between Tower Junction and the Northeast Entrance. Yellowstone law enforcement officers are still investigating what happened.

The park’s Senior Wolf Biologist Doug Smith said in a press release that “their exposure to, and fearlessness of people and roads could have been a factor in their death.”

The two pups were part of the Junction Butte Pack, one of the most frequently observed groups of wolves in Yellowstone.

According to the press release, the pack of 11 adults had a den of pups this summer near a popular hiking trail in the northeastern part of Yellowstone.

Park officials closed the area around the den to prevent the wolves from getting used to humans. Some people illegally entered the closed area and others approached the pups when they were on or near the trail to take a photo.

Yellowstone staff hazed the pups several times over the last five months in an attempt to make them more wary of people and roads, but park officials say the effort was never fully successful.

The park estimates there are less than 100 wolves in Yellowstone.

Officials say visitors should stay at least 100 yards from wolves, never enter a closed area and notify a park ranger of others who are in violation of these rules.

Source: Two Wolf Pups Killed By Car In Yellowstone National Park | MTPR #EndangeredSpeciesList #GrayWolves #ProtectTheWolves #WolvesInYellowstone

One Washington ranch Diamond M, the cause of 26 protected gray wolves killed 

protect the wolves, Profanity peak pack, OPT pack

McIrvin says  “If it’s allowed to continue, it’s going to drive the ranching industry out of Washington, which is what a lot of people want. We’re just stubborn, and we won’t leave the range.”

Join Protect The Wolves Movement Today, To get Our Path and Research into the courts to give Ranchers like McIrvin the Boot from Your Children’s National Forests. The Large NGOs do not have the available tools that we do, and refuse to Join Us, and sadly we dont have their funding, or it would have happened along time ago!! Our Research is precedent setting and with your help can beging to close Grazing Allotments like McIrvins.

When Washington ranchers find that gray wolves have attacked their cattle, they can call the state wildlife agency, which has killed 31 of the protected predators since 2012 under a program intended to save vulnerable livestock.

Many ranches have routinely used state-contracted range riders to ward off wolves,which are listed by Washington as endangered even as they have gradually returned during the last decade after being reintroduced in Idaho.

But not the Diamond M Ranch, which has grazed its cattle on federal land near the U.S.-Canada border in northeast Washington since World War II.

Twenty-six of the 31 eradicated wolves were killed after the Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife deemed that members of their packs had attacked Diamond M livestock.

Environmentalists say the ranch not only fails to take preventive steps to safeguard its herds, but in some cases brings on the bloodshed by leaving cattle near known wolf dens.

Operators of Diamond M deny that’s the case, but are vociferous about their rights. The issue highlights a clash of cultures between rural eastern Washington residents and city dwellers west of the Cascade Range who, they and other cattlemen say, don’t know squat about ranching, wildlife and predators.

“Seattle doesn’t ask us what to do with their homeless, and I don’t think we should have to ask Seattle what to do with our wolves,” said Bill McIrvin, 50, a fourth-generation rancher in the family that owns Diamond M.

Wildlife department officials acknowledge that Diamond M has declined offers of state-funded range riders who could help protect cattle. But the agency is not required to mandate preventive measures before wolves are shot or trapped, they say.

Gov. Jay Inslee has asked that fewer wolves be killed, but his authority is limited to appointing members of a commission that oversees the state agency. When its director replied requesting more funds and promising to develop a new policy in Diamond M’s region by May 1, Inslee said the agency had “not responded with alacrity.”

Passions over wolves are running so high that in August, agency officials cited threats of violence in canceling a statewide series of 14 public meetings to discuss management once recovery is sufficient for Washington to end the species’ endangered status, as Congress did in 2011 in areas including the eastern third of the state. Similar controversy is building in Colorado, where proponents of reintroducing gray wolves submitted signatures Tuesday for an initiative on the state ballot next November, despite opposition from ranchers and state wildlife commissioners.

In Washington, the wolf population had grown to 126 by the end of last year, slowed by the state’s efforts to cull those deemed livestock eaters.

Diamond M itself is a 2,500-acre spread across a mountain pass from the high school Bill McIrvin once attended. Doffing a cowboy hat and muddy boots by the ranch-house door, he sat for an extended interview recently as his wife, Berta, sporting an anti-wolf T-shirt, served coffee.

The stocky cattleman denied goading wolves to attack. Rather, he said, his business has lost $1 million since 2008 from the killings of 75 to 100 cattle a year by wolves — many times the number that the state has officially confirmed — and from declines in weight and pregnancy rates among traumatized livestock.

McIrvin says the problem is clearly the wolves, not the ranch.

“I don’t feel that we have room for wolves in Washington state,” said McIrvin, who said his family would continue to oppose what they see as a broader agenda of wolf advocates and officials. “If it’s allowed to continue, it’s going to drive the ranching industry out of Washington, which is what a lot of people want. We’re just stubborn, and we won’t leave the range.”

McIrvin views reintroduction of wolves in the West as a plot to end grazing on public land, much as environmentalists used protection of the threatened spotted owl in the 1990s to preserve Northwest forests.

For centuries in the continental United States, government bounties encouraged trapping, shooting and poisoning wolves, which were wiped out across the West by the 1930s. In 1974, gray wolves gained protection under the federal Endangered Species Act, and in 1995 researchers began releasing wolves to Idaho and Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.

Gradually, wolves spread into Washington, where they will be downgraded to “threatened” status once breeding pairs have established across the state. There are now about 1,500 wolves in Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. Oregon is known to have 137; California, fewer than a dozen.

Wolf advocates see Diamond M as an extreme example of ranchers abusing public land privileges, and the wildlife agency as pandering to cattle producers and hunters by slaughtering animals it’s supposed to protect.

“Year after year, Diamond M reportedly loses cattle to wolves while neighboring producers are able to effectively protect their herds,” said Claire Loebs Davis, an attorney for wolf advocates suing the state wildlife department.

In 2012, all seven members of a wolf family known as the Wedge pack were shot, most from a helicopter, after the Washington wildlife department determined that the group had preyed on Diamond M cattle in grazing allotments in the Colville National Forest.

In 2016, the agency spent $135,000 for a gunner and trapper to kill seven members of the Profanity Peak pack, also blamed for attacking the ranch’s cattle. Over the next three years, the agency killed a dozen more wolves after Diamond M attacks, including the last four members of a pack just hours before animal advocates won a court injunction to save them.

Davis views the wildlife department as having been “captured” by ranching and hunting interests. The agency counts on revenue from hunting and fishing license fees, which depend significantly on continued access to private ranch land, she noted.

Jay Holzmiller, a southeast Washington hunter and cattle rancher who served a recent six-year term on the state wildlife commission, countered that politicians in the state’s urban areas wield decisive power. “The ranching and hunting community does not have near the influence, nor near the number of attorneys, as … the environmental side does,” he said.

Last summer, Diamond M paid $4,177 to graze 736 pairs of cows and calves on 80,000 acres, an arrangement Coleman called “cheap babysitting.” He said that one way to prevent cattle from being attacked would be to move them out of deep forests ideal for wolves and onto pastures where they could be readily monitored.

To Travis Fletcher, Colville National Forest district ranger, the solution is to move more quickly to kill wolves that prey on cattle. “By doing it soon enough, you remove the offending wolves that probably killed those livestock,” he said.

The state wildlife agency is allowed to kill wolves after three attacks on livestock in 30 days, or four in 10 months. Officials say they also consider whether shooting or trapping wolves would jeopardize recovery of the species, and whether the cattle owner has used nonlethal measures to prevent attacks.

Donny Martorello, the department’s wolf policy lead, said Diamond M has taken precautions, waiting to turn out cattle for grazing until fawns and elk calves are born in the area, providing wolves with a wild food source.

But he said that range riding is “one of the places we’d like to see improvement,” acknowledging that last summer, Diamond M declined riders offered by the wildlife agency. The agency recommends riders to help keep cattle apart from wolves and to remove dead or ailing cows that attract predators.

Coleman and other environmentalists suing the agency accuse Diamond M of keeping salt blocks near a wolf den, causing cattle to swarm around it. Davis, the wolf advocates’ lawyer, said internal agency documents show that qualified range riders have never patrolled a Diamond M allotment where attacks occurred.

McIrvin, at Diamond M, contends that “government-sponsored range riders … have never once protected a cow or a calf.”

But range riders counter that they indeed make a difference.

Jan Wright has patrolled on horseback in areas near Diamond M‘s federal grazing allotments, safeguarding cattle belonging to five other ranches. Her territory has included parts of the Colville forest, where about 10,000 cattle grazed last summer from 34 livestock producers including Diamond M.

Contracted by the wildlife agency, Wright works to deter wolves by hanging up cloth strips and carrying a gun that shoots whistle flares. She removes dead and injured cattle that might attract carnivores. And she outfits cattle with cowbells.

“When they wear bell collars, it sounds like the cavalry are coming,” Wright said. “The ranches that I’ve been riding for in the last few years have not had wolf kills.”


Source: One Washington ranch, 26 protected gray wolves killed – Los Angeles Times×217-300×217-300×217.jpg #EndangeredSpeciesList #GrayWolves #OpposeWelfareRanchingNotWolves #WolvesInWashington

BLM argues against revoking Hammonds’ grazing permits 

Herein lies one of the issues with the BLM and their wasting of Taxpayer Dollars on Welfare Ranchers. Perhaps one of these Days, the Large NGOs involved in the lawsuit will wake up to the fact that we have research they can not use on their Own and Join Us when they are Invited. Sadly we do not have their funding yet but working towards creating the necessary income stream. Please Note The One Orgs name that does Join Us has been removed from the listed names in the Article below.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management is defending its renewal of grazing permits for two Oregon ranchers who received a presidential pardon after they were convicted of arson.

In 2018, President Donald Trump issued full pardons for Dwight and Steven Hammond, a father and son who raise cattle near Diamond and who’d been found guilty of setting fire to rangeland.

After former Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke renewed their authorization to graze on public allotments earlier this year, several environmental groups filed a lawsuit challenging the decision and convinced a federal judge to restrict where the Hammonds’ cattle can be released and how much forage they can consume.

The BLM is now arguing against a motion by the environmental plaintiffs to revoke the Hammonds’ grazing permits, claiming that Zinke properly considered the pardons in deciding to renew the ranchers’ grazing authorization.

“The secretary did have the authority to make the decision he did,” said Luther Hajek, an attorney representing the government, during Dec. 19 oral arguments in Portland.

For Zinke, the pardons were relevant when examining the ranchers’ “record of performance” in regarding to maintaining rangeland health, including the seriousness of past non-compliance with the government’s standards, according to BLM.

The grazing decision was consistent with BLM’s regulations and did not violate the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, nor did the lack of a full environmental analysis run afoul of the National Environmental Policy Act, according to the government.

The BLM appropriately used a “categorical exclusion” to exempt the grazing permit renewals from such an assessment because it’s within the Interior secretary’s discretion whether it’s necessary based on the decision’s environmental significance, the agency said.

Even if the judge does determine the grazing permit renewals violated a federal law, he should send the decision back to the BLM for reconsideration while allowing grazing to continue at current levels, according to BLM.

Not revoking the grazing permits would reduce fire risk by keeping fuels in check, Hajek said. “If grazing is managed properly, it’s healthy for the landscape.”

Any legal errors committed in the case weren’t serious, while the reduced grazing level currently in place is sufficient to allay the plaintiffs’ environmental concerns about impacts on the sage grouse and redband trout, he said.

“It’s not necessary to vacate the permit to maintain those environmental conditions,” Hajek said.

The environmental plaintiffs — —————- Center for Biological Diversity and Wildearth Guardians — argue the grazing permit renewals were unlawful because the Hammonds don’t meet the requirement for a “satisfactory record of performance.”

“Livestock grazing on public lands is a privilege, not a right,” said David Becker, attorney for the environmental groups. “Like any privilege, it’s subject to revocation if it’s abused.”

The presidential pardons don’t change the ranchers’ past actions that caused their request for grazing re-authorization to be denied in 2014, the groups argue. The BLM should also have evaluated the decision’s impacts on the sage grouse, rangeland health, invasive weeds and fire risks, the plaintiffs claim.

Just because President Trump pardoned the Hammonds does not indicate he thought their crimes weren’t serious, Becker said. “There is nothing on the face of either pardon about what the president’s intent was.”

The decision to renew the Hammonds’ grazing rights was “egregious” because Zinke “invented a rationale out of thin air,” which justifies overturning it, Becker said,

It’s possible for the BLM to take into account that the Hammonds have paid their debt to society, but the renewal decision should follow the proper regulations and environmental assessment, he said.

“The secretary and the BLM completely cut the public out of the management process for this allotment,” Becker said, adding that dangerous environmental effects from revoking the decision were unlikely.

“There’s no showing of highly disruptive consequences,” he said.

At the conclusion of the hearing, U.S. District Judge Michael Simon said he expected to reach a decision in the case the following day, Dec. 20.

A jury convicted the Hammonds of arson in 2012, with Dwight Hammond receiving a three-month prison sentence for igniting a fire in 2001 that consumed about 140 acres of federal property. His son, Steven Hammond, was sentenced to a year behind bars for that blaze as well as another fire that spread onto an acre of public land.

However, the ranchers were sent back to prison in 2016 after the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that they must both complete the federal mandatory minimum sentence of five years for arson.

A protest against their re-imprisonment precipitated an armed standoff at the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.

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